Read through the types of appliances we offer to learn more.

Your braces are made up of complex hardware components, learn what each part does to get your beautiful smile.

Elastics (Rubber Bands)

Elastics (or rubber bands) can improve the fit of your upper and lower teeth. Some movements necessary to create the most harmonious bite cannot be achieved by braces alone. Rubber bands should be worn as instructed to ensure treatment stays on track.

Trans-Palatal Arch (TPA)

A Trans-Palatal Arch is used to hold upper molars in place, stabilizing the position of these teeth. The TPA has a looped wire that spans the roof of the mouth without touching it.

Lingual Holding Arch

A lingual arch is a space-maintaining appliance that is placed on lower molars to keep them from shifting. A wire bar connects the two sides of the lingual arch and rests comfortably below the teeth.

Palatal Expander

The palatal expander expands (or widens) your upper jaw by putting gentle pressure on your upper molars each time an adjustment is made. Your orthodontist will instruct you on when and how to adjust your expander. After the palate has been expanded, the appliance remains in place for several months to allow the bone to solidify.


Positioners complete the final tooth movements in your orthodontic treatment. With your full cooperation, you should only need to wear the positioner appliance for 4-8 weeks.


Retainers hold your teeth in their new, correct positions after your teeth have been straightened. Your orthodontist will instruct you on how to care for your retainer and about the duration of the wear. Wearing your retainer as directed is crucial to prevent regression of your treatment. Most patients will receive removable retainers, however, some patients may benefit from a fixed retainer. Your orthodontist will recommend which is ideal to preserve your results.

Separators or Spacers

Separators are little rubber doughnuts that may be placed between your teeth to push them apart so that orthodontic bands may be placed during your next appointment. The separators will be removed before we place the bands. Separators do not mix well with sticky foods, toothpicks, or floss.